3 Dosha: The Foundation
The human body has 3 main pillars according to Ayurveda
Dosha, Dhatu, and Mala.
Dosha are given immense importance for being a reason to maintain health or to initiate any illness.
Each Dosha is a combination of two dominant elements.
Here arises the concept of Panchmahabhuta i.e. 5 basic elements Earth, Water, Fire, Gas, and Ether.
It literally means the reason for health when normal and can create abnormality when imbalanced.
Dosha can make Dhatu and Mala normal or abnormal.
Vata, Pitta, and Kapha
Vata is air and ether
Pitta is fire and water
Kapha is earth and water
Each and every particle of the body is under the control of Dosha. Though, there are certain time durations and body areas under the influence of each one.
|Dosha||Body areas under the influence||Time period of day under influence||Age periods of life|
|Kapha||Above the level of the heart||Start of day and night||Childhood|
|Pitta||Between umbilicus and heart||Middle of day and night||Adolescent and adult age period|
|Vata||Below umbilicus||Towards the end of day and night||Elderly|
Dosha works effectively in their dominant position.
Each one has a particular character and specific task to complete.
Dosha works in harmony to gift our health.
All physiological and psychological activities take place under their influence. Whenever this bond is shaken, it shows unwanted things. So, it’s our need to understand and follow simple measures to keep this harmony intact.
Their characters are used to decide one’s Prakriti which is one’s body type.
Prakriti: Body Type
It is the specific nature of body and mind described according to patterns of the physique, dietary habits, likings, and psychological behavior.
Prakriti is vital in deciding the body’s behavior.
Dos and Don’ts change according to it. The body generally demands things opposite to the dominant Dosha Prakriti. That is why tastes and likings are opposite to the particular Dosha characters. Also, while treating any particular health issue, Prakriti is the main aspect thought for.